Degrees and Certifications:

AP Government World History College Board Consultant for Advanced Placement US Government and Politics

Dr. Bryan Ashkettle

My free periods are typically 2nd and 4c5a5b in case anyone needs further help with the content.



AP Classroom Code Period 1 - LXGDVG

AP Classroom Code Period 4ab - 94W299

Google Classroom Codes for AP Government

AP Google Classroom Code Period 1 - qr6wbwx

AP Google Classroom Code Period 4ab - ww7fiww 


Online World History Textbook (For World History Students Only!)

Follow the accompanying steps and create your online textbook account:

Then, enter the following:

username - shsstudent

password - password

WH Google Classroom Code Period 3 - gxbarn5

WH Google Classroom Code Period 6 - i7r77h4

WH Google Classroom Code Period 7 - iqbwmll 


 The school supplies needed for my class are fairly basic. Students should have a folder or binder to keep all lecture notes, reading sources, and instructional sheets in. AP students are reminded to have summer reading completed by the first day of school. Students should check the calendar for the weekly assignments and lessons, especially when absent. The lesson plans will be updated weekly. Tests, quizzes, and homework are in all caps and are listed under homework. Parents and students are encouraged to e-mail me with any questions or concerns. We are going to have a great year!


AP Summer Reading ONLY!

Prior to entering the class for the 2023-2024 school year, it is expected that students have a basic working understanding of the American Constitution. To do so, students will be required to purchase AMSCO® Advanced Placement® United States Government & Politics 2021 Edition.  Students are asked to read the body of the original Constitution. Using these readings, and additional research if necessary, students should be able to identify and explain the following concepts:


  • Checks and Balances
  • Federalism
  • Republicanism / Representative Democracy
  • Separation of Powers
  • Shared Powers
  • Limited Government
  • Reserved Powers of the States
  • The Preamble and Goals of the Constitution
  • Article I (Legislative) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Tax and Spend Clause (Power of the Purse)
  • Commerce Clause
  • Power to Declare War
  • Emoluments Clause
  • Power to Coin Money / Create Supreme Currency / Protect against Counterfeiting
  • Power to Raise and Support Military
  • Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause)
  • Legislative Process (Presentment Clause)
  • Powers Denied to Congress (Expost Facto, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Bills of Attainder, Export Tax, Titles of Nobility)
  • Powers Denied to States (Expost Facto, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Bills of Attainder, Export Tax, Titles of Nobility)
  • House and Senate Makeup and Qualifications
  • Article II (Executive) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Commander in Chief Clause (Power to Wage War)
  • Diplomatic Delegated Powers of President (Receiving Ambassador / Foreign Leaders, and Recognizing Nations)
  • Qualifications of the President / Vice President
  • How Vice President was Originally Chosen / Constitutional Duties
  • Appointment Clause / Advise and Consent Clause  (President Power to Appoint with Senate Confirmation)
  • Impeachment Clause / Process
  • Treaty Clause (President create treaties, Senate ratify Treaties)
  • Article III (Judicial) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Judicial Review
  • The Supreme Court Jurisdiction / Original and Appellate
  • Supreme Court Qualifications / Good Moral Character
  • Appointment Process for Judges – Appointed by the President and Confirmed by the Senate
  • Supreme Court Tenure
  • Congressional Power to Create Lower Courts, Set Size of Courts, and Raise but not Lower Justice Salary
  • Article IV and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Extradition Clause
  • Full Faith and Credit Clause
  • Privileges and Immunity Clause
  • Admissions Clause / Congressional Power to Admit new states
  • Article V and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Amendment Process
  • Article VI and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Oath of Office / Loyalty Clause
  • Supremacy Clause
  • Repayment of Debts from Articles of Confederation
  • Article VII and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Ratification of Constitution