Degrees and Certifications:

AP Government World History College Board Consultant for Advanced Placement US Government and Politics

Dr. Bryan Ashkettle



Google Classroom Codes 

Period 1 World History repx6sv

Period 3 AP Government 67uh7uf

Period 4 AP Government aq2liwc

Period 5 AP Government 3xki4jj

Period 7 AP Government ksjuvei



User name and password is the same you use for all College Board Sign-ins.

Period 3 - RQ2DYJ

Period 4 - XJRRD6

Period 5 - 7ZG27Z

Period 7 - PX6MR6

Online World History Textbook (For World History Students Only!)

Follow the accompanying steps and create your online textbook account:

Then, enter the following:

username - shsstudent

password - password






The school supplies needed for my class are fairly basic. Students should have a folder or binder to keep all lecture notes, reading sources, and instructional sheets in. AP students are reminded to have summer reading completed by the first day of school. Students should check calendar for the weekly assignments and lessons, especially when absent. The lesson plans will be updated weekly. Tests, quizzes, and homework are in all caps and are listed under homework. Parents and students are encouraged to e-mail me with any questions or concerns. We are going to have a great year!


AP Summer Reading

Prior to entering the class for the 2021-2022 school year, it is expected that students have a basic working understanding of the American Constitution. To do so, students will be required to purchase AMSCO® Advanced Placement® United States Government & Politics 2021 Edition.  Students are asked to read the body of the original Constitution. Using these readings, and additional research if necessary, students should be able to identify and explain the following concepts:


  • Checks and Balances
  • Federalism
  • Republicanism / Representative Democracy
  • Separation of Powers
  • Shared Powers
  • Limited Government
  • Reserved Powers of the States
  • The Preamble and Goals of the Constitution
  • Article I (Legislative) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Tax and Spend Clause (Power of the Purse)
  • Commerce Clause
  • Power to Declare War
  • Emoluments Clause
  • Power to Coin Money / Create Supreme Currency / Protect against Counterfeiting
  • Power to Raise and Support Military
  • Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause)
  • Legislative Process (Presentment Clause)
  • Powers Denied to Congress (Expost Facto, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Bills of Attainder, Export Tax, Titles of Nobility)
  • Powers Denied to States (Expost Facto, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Bills of Attainder, Export Tax, Titles of Nobility)
  • House and Senate Makeup and Qualifications
  • Article II (Executive) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Commander in Chief Clause (Power to Wage War)
  • Diplomatic Delegated Powers of President (Receiving Ambassador / Foreign Leaders, and Recognizing Nations)
  • Qualifications of the President / Vice President
  • How Vice President was Originally Chosen / Constitutional Duties
  • Appointment Clause / Advise and Consent Clause  (President Power to Appoint with Senate Confirmation)
  • Impeachment Clause / Process
  • Treaty Clause (President create treaties, Senate ratify Treaties)
  • Article III (Judicial) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Judicial Review
  • The Supreme Court Jurisdiction / Original and Appellate
  • Supreme Court Qualifications / Good Moral Character
  • Appointment Process for Judges – Appointed by President and Confirmed by Senate
  • Supreme Court Tenure
  • Congressional Power to Create of Lower Courts, Set Size of Courts, and Raise but not Lower Justice Salary
  • Article IV and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Extradition Clause
  • Full Faith and Credit Clause
  • Privileges and Immunity Clause
  • Admissions Clause / Congressional Power to Admit new states
  • Article V and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Amendment Process
  • Article VI and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Oath of Office / Loyalty Clause
  • Supremacy Clause
  • Repayment of Debts from Articles of Confederation
  • Article VII and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Ratification of Constitution