Degrees and Certifications:

St. Bonaventure University BA - History MSEd - Secondary Education

Mrs. Mary Clare Lane

Welcome to my website!

Please take time to navigate the links to locate information about course calendars and to access useful files. The calendar will be particularly useful, as it indicates all course tests and quizzes as we begin new units. This will be a link to a Google Doc that outlines the unit pacing guide.

Most lessons and materials will be made available directly to students through Google Classroom. 

Curriculum Night Link

 Click here to watch a video for all classes!

For all classes, please be sure to have the following:

⇒ A way to organize/maintain papers (note packets)

 ⇒ Active school internet account (must complete technology acceptable use policy)


Memo from Mrs. Lane and Dr. Ashkettle: Summer Reading Expectations for AP Government

Prior to entering the class for the 2019-2020 school year, it is expected that students have a basic working understanding of the American Constitution. To do so, students will be required to purchase and read selections from AMSCO Advanced Placement United States Government & Politics 2019 Edition. Expected readings include the Introduction (pgs 1-21) and the body of the original Constitution (pgs 628-637). Using these readings, and additional research if necessary, students should be able to identify and explain the following concepts:


  • Checks and Balances
  • Federalism
  • Republicanism / Representative Democracy
  • Separation of Powers
  • Shared Powers
  • Limited Government
  • Reserved Powers of the States
  • The Preamble and Goals of the Constitution
  • Article I (Legislative) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Tax and Spend Clause (Power of the Purse)
  • Commerce Clause
  • Power to Declare War
  • Emoluments Clause
  • Power to Coin Money / Create Supreme Currency / Protect against Counterfeiting
  • Power to Raise and Support Military
  • Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause)
  • Legislative Process (Presentment Clause)
  • Powers Denied to Congress (Expost Facto, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Bills of Attainder, Export Tax, Titles of Nobility)
  • Powers Denied to States (Expost Facto, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Bills of Attainder, Export Tax, Titles of Nobility)
  • House and Senate Makeup and Qualifications
  • Article II (Executive) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Commander in Chief Clause (Power to Wage War)
  • Diplomatic Delegated Powers of President (Receiving Ambassador / Foreign Leaders, and Recognizing Nations)
  • Qualifications of the President / Vice President
  • How Vice President was Originally Chosen / Constitutional Duties
  • Appointment Clause / Advise and Consent Clause  (President Power to Appoint with Senate Confirmation)
  • Impeachment Clause / Process
  • Treaty Clause (President create treaties, Senate ratify Treaties)
  • Article III (Judicial) and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Judicial Review
  • The Supreme Court Jurisdiction / Original and Appellate
  • Supreme Court Qualifications / Good Moral Character
  • Appointment Process for Judges – Appointed by President and Confirmed by Senate
  • Supreme Court Tenure
  • Congressional Power to Create of Lower Courts, Set Size of Courts, and Raise but not Lower Justice Salary
  • Article IV and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Extradition Clause
  • Full Faith and Credit Clause
  • Privileges and Immunity Clause
  • Admissions Clause / Congressional Power to Admit new states
  • Article V and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Amendment Process
  • Article VI and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Oath of Office / Loyalty Clause
  • Supremacy Clause
  • Repayment of Debts from Articles of Confederation
  • Article VII and the following clauses and concepts…
  • Ratification of Constitution