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Structuring


Structuring is a skill that supports efficiency when solving additive and subtractive tasks as students learn to compose and decompose numbers with and without visual support.  Efficient strategies are developed through an understanding of how to structure using 5, 10 and 20 to ultimately structure through 100 and beyond.  For example, a student understands that 8 can be thought of as 5 and 3.  The child uses the knowledge of 5 as a reference to combine and partition numbers through 10 (later using 10 to combine and partition through 20).  In order to teach structuring of numbers we use organizational models and color to promote imagery of number combinations without counting.  As students apply this knowledge it supports movement from unitary (count by 1) strategies to composite (non-count by 1) strategies, thus enhancing efficiency with additive and subtractive tasks.

Activities & Documents


Fives

5 Frames - Make 5 Memory & Go Fish
5 Frames Memory
5 Frames - Template
Blast Off in 5 Directions and Materials
Dice Pattern - Bingo Cards
Dice Pattern - Bingo - Directions
Grids to Five - Version A
Finger Patterns 1-5 Directions
Make 5 Bingo Cards
Make 5 Bingo - Directions & Grid
Make 5 Memory & Go Fish
Make 5 Spinner
Make 5-Five Frames 0-5
Snap Directions
Snap - Dice Pattern
Snap - Five Frames
Structuring 5 - Verbal Check
Structuring 5 & 10 Finger Patterns
Structuring 5 - Combining 2-4 in Color
Structuring 5 - Combining 2-4
Structuring 5 - Directions - Make 5 Games
Structuring 5 - Domino Combination Cards 1-5
Structuring 5 - Domino Combination Cards-5s
Structuring 5 - Five Towers Tracking Sheet
Structuring 5 - Combining
Structuring 5 - Monkeys
Structuring 5 - Partitioning - Color
Structuring 5 - Partitioning
Structuring 5 - Bank of Activities - for MR group
Structuring to 5, 10, and 20
Structuring to 5 - Bank of Activities
Structuring to 5 - Goal and Verbal Checks
Structuring to 5 - Reinforcement Activities
Tiny Five Frames
Verbal Check for 5 Wise and Pair Wise
Verbal Check for Fives - All Parts

Tens
Domino - 5+ Combination Cards
Five Plus Bingo

Five-Wise Combining 2 Colors

Five-Wise Combining
Five-Wise Partitioning in Color
Five-Wise Partitioning
Five-Wise
10 Frames - Template
10 Wise Bingo Boards
Make 5+ Bingo
Make 10 Bingo
Make 10 Spinner
Grids to Ten - Version A
Grids to Ten - Version B
Make10 Memory & Go Fish (Five-Wise)
Snap Directions
Snap - Five Wise
Snap - Pair Wise
Snap-Dice Pattern
Structuring 10 - Monkeys
Structuring 10 - Verbal Check
Structuring 5 & 10 Finger Patterns
Structuring to 10 - Bank of Activities - for MR group
Structuring to 10 - Bank of Activities
Tiny Tens Activities
Verbal Check for 10s
Domino - Pair Wise Combination Cards
Domino Patterns 1-9
Frame Snap
Pair-Wise Partition
Pair-Wise Partitioning in Color
Pair-Wise
I Have Who Has Master
I Have Who Has Structuring 10
I Have Who Has Structuring 5+ and Doubles

Twenties
20 Frames - 10 on Top
20 Frames - 10 Wise
20 Frames - Pair Wise
20 Frames - Template
20 Frames - 10+
Grids to 20 - Version A
Grids to 20 - Version B
Bead Racks to 20
Pair-Wise to 20 Bingo Boards
Snap 20 Frame
Structuring 20 - Monkeys

Misc
I Have Who Has Master

 
Videos

Structuring To Five - Finger Patterns

Focus:  Structuring to Five
Setting:  Finger Patterns
Summary:  This video shows a Pre-Kindergarten student using finger patterns on one hand.  The goal is for the student to be able to “throw out” numbers in the range of 1-5 and then combine to make 5 without counting.  Using one hand provides the student a structure of 5. 
Adaptations:  This activity can be used with two hands to structure to 10. 





Structuring to Five – Spatial Patterns (Part 1)


Focus:  Structuring to Five
Setting:  Regular Spatial Patterns, Fingers and Counters
Summary:  This video shows a 1st grade student demonstrating his ability to subitize regular spatial patterns to five as well as throw out the finger pattern that matches the spatial pattern.  The student also gets the counters needed to create spatial patterns, demonstrating his ability to see and get small quantities.  Using a multisensory approach can be very helpful in developing understanding of number.  The teacher builds on the student’s knowledge of the domino five pattern as well as his knowledge of finger patterns and uses that structure to help him combine to make five.  The goal is to use the student’s strength with spatial patterns to help him learn to make five without counting.  
 Adaptations:  This activity can be used with students who have a strong base with regular spatial patterns by adjusting the materials (see Part 2).


Structuring to Five – Spatial Patterns (Part 2)

Focus:  Structuring to Five
Setting:  Regular Spatial Patterns, Numeral Cards and Counters
Summary:  This video shows a 1st grade student building regular spatial patterns using counters.  The teacher displays a numeral card and has the student create the regular domino patterns to five. The teacher then poses verbal questions to check the student’s understanding of combinations to make five.  The goal is to use the student’s strength with spatial patterns to help him learn to make five without counting.  
Adaptations:  This activity can be used with five-wise and double patterns as well. (See Structuring to 10)



More Structuring Videos